The correlation of mean platelet volume and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio measurements, and the Ishak fibrosis score in our patients with chronic hepatitis B
Correlation of mean platelet volume and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio measurements
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Keywords:Hepatitis B virus, MPV, NLR, Ishak fibrosis score
Background:The ishak score determined by liver biopsy is the most reliable indicator of fibrosis, but biopsy is an invasive procedure. Numerous noninvasive tests have been investigated to determine the hepatic fibrosis score. We aimed to investigate the relationship between the mean platelet volume(MPV) and neutrophillymphocyte ratio (NLR) measurements in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (CHB) infection, and liver fibrosis stage, which was determined by biopsy and ishak score.
Material and Method:CHB patients followed between 2016 and 2020 in our gastroenterology outpatient clinic were included in our study. CHB patients; They were divided into two groups as non-cirrhotic group (ishak fibrosis score in biopsy; F0-F4) and cirrhotic group (F5-F6). Then, 30 healthy control (HC) groups consisting of health personnel who had routine health screenings and blood tests in the same period were formed. MPV, NLR measurements of these two main groups and CHB subgroups and liver biopsy results of CHB patients were evaluated retrospectively, and possible relationships between the groups were investigated.
Results:There was no statistically significant difference between the mean age and gender of the cases in the CHB and HC groups. A total of 54 patients with CHB were identified, of which 13 patients were cirrhotic and 41 patients were non-cirrhotic. MPV measurements were found to be significantly higher in the CHB group than in the SC group (11.15±1.77; 10.02±0.92; p=0.002). While there was no significant difference between NLR measurements, it was found to be higher in the CHB group (1.98±0.81; 1.81±0.69). While there was no significant difference between the cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic subgroups of the CHB group in terms of NLR (1.86±0.68; 2.36±1.04) and MPV (11.09±1.89; 11.35±1.36) measurements, NLR and MPV measurements were higher in the cirrhotic group.
Conclusion:In our study, MPV values were found to be significantly increased in patients in the CHB group compared to the HC group. In addition, although not statistically significant, NLR and MPV measurements were found to be higher in the cirrhotic group than in the non-cirrhotic group. According to our study, it can be thought that with increasing MPV and NLR measurements in HBV patients, there may be an increase in chronicity and fibrosis scores without an invasive procedure such as biopsy.
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